COPD guide that covers everything from the definition and symptoms of COPD to diagnosis, treatment, and living with COPD.
American Lung Association
With information that includes how to stop smoking, the ALA is committed to “Fighting for Air” and publishes a highly informative website about lung diseases and lung disorders.
British Lung Foundation
The U.K.-based BLF charity provides information for a number of lung diseases. The site’s COPD section also offers information in multiple languages, including Bengali, Guajarati, Hindi, Punjabi, Turkish, and Urdu.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This respected U.S. government resource offers information about COPD, including a list of relevant publications and resources for further research.
This U.S.-based not-for-profit organization’s mission is to develop and support programs that improve the quality of life through research, education, early diagnosis, and enhanced therapy for persons whose lives are impacted by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
A good source for up-to-date developments, this digest is published by the COPD Foundation.
Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD)
GOLD works with healthcare professionals and public health officials to raise awareness of COPD and to improve prevention and treatment of this lung disease for patients around the world. Their website includes information about World COPD Day.
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
World Health Organization (WHO)
Global perspective on COPD, including world statistics and NGO and government-sponsored efforts to combat the diseases.
American Lung Association (ALA). (2017). PDF GOLD Pocket Guide. Retrieved February 20, 2018 from goldcopd.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/wms-GOLD-2017-Pocket-Guide.pdf.
American Lung Association (ALA). (2013). Trends in COPD (chronic bronchitis and emphysema). MMWR. Retrieved February 20, 2018 from http://www.lung.org/assets/documents/research/copd-trend-report.pdf.
American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (AAAAI). (2016). Immunologic Insights into Triggers of Asthma. Retrieved February 20, 2018 from https://education.aaaai.org/asthma-education/2016VAM4305.
Brusasco V, Pellegrino R. (2016). Spirometry in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, from Rule of Thumb in Science. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 193(7):704–706. doi:10.1164/rccm.201511-2239ED.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2018). COPD Prevalence and Incidence. Retrieved February 19, 2018 from https://www.cdc.gov/copd/index.html.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2016). Overweight and Obesity. Retrieved March 8, 2018 from https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2015). Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Data and Statistics. Retrieved February 21, 2018 from https://www.cdc.gov/copd/data.html.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2012). Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, 2011. National Center for Health Statistics. Analysis performed by the American Lung Association Research and Health Education Division using SPSS software.
COPD. (2017). Right Diagnosis of COPD. Retrieved February 8, 2018 from http://www.rightdiagnosis.com/c/copd/intro.htm.
Glass C. (2014). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In: Family Practice Guidelines, 3rd ed. New York: Springer Publisher Co.
Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). (2015). Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention. Retrieved February 18, 2018 from http://www.ginasthma.org/.
Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). (2014). Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Retrieved March 8, 2018 from http://www.goldcopd.org/uploads/users/files/.
Grossman S, Porth C. (2014). Porth’s Pathophysiology: Concepts of Altered Health States, 9th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Jarvis C. (2015). Physical Examination and Health Assessment, 7th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders.
Kosacz N. (2012). Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Among Adults, United States, 2011. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved February 8, 2018 from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6146a2.htm.
LaMotte S, Scutti S. (2018). Where We Stand Now: E-Cigarettes. CNN, February 26, 2018.
Mitchell RN, Schoen FJ. (2009). Blood vessels. In V Kumar, AK Abbas, N Fausto, and JC Aster (eds.), Robbins and Cotran: Pathologic Basis of Disease, 8th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier, Ch. 1.
Mozaffarian D, Benjamin EJ, Go AS, et al. (2015). Heart disease and stroke statistics—2015 update: A report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 131:e29-e22.
National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). (2016). Health, United States 2015, with Special Feature on Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. Hyattsville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved February 20, 2018 from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hus/.
NCQA.org. (2016). Incorporating HEDIS Measures and Newer Therapies to Improve COPD: Treatment Adherence and Outcomes. Retrieved February 18, 2018 from http://www.ncqa.org/education-events/seminars-and-webinars/live-seminars-webinars/improving-copd-treatment-adherence-and-outcomes.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). (2018). COPD Action Plan. Retrieved February 19, 2018 from https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/education-and-awareness/COPD-national-action-plan.
National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI). (2016). What is Peripheral Arterial Disease? Retrieved September 18, 2016 from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pad/.
National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI). (2006). Your Guide to Lowering Cholesterol with Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLC). Retrieved October 20, 2016 from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/resources/heart/cholesterol-tlc.
Pietrangelo A. (2015). COPD by the Numbers: Facts, Statistics, and You. Healthline. Retrieved February 20, 2018 from https://www.healthline.com/health/copd/facts-statistics-infographic.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Healthy People 2020. (2018). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2020. Retrieved February 17, 2018 from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/leading-health-indicators/2020-lhi-topics/Clinical-Preventive-Services.
Wheaton AG, Cunningham, TJ, Ford ES, Croft JB. (2015). Employment and activity limitations among adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease—United States, 2013. MMWR 2015:64 (11):290–95.
World Health Organization (WHO). (2018). Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Fact Sheet, November 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2018 from www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs315/en/.