In 2003 dollars, costs associated with intimate partner violence exceeded $8.3 billion, which included $460 million for rape, $6.2 billion for physical assault, $461 million for stalking, and $1.2 billion in the value of lost lives. Victims of severe intimate partner violence lose nearly 8 million days of paid work—the equivalent of more than 32,000 full-time jobs—and almost 5.6 million days of household productivity each year (CDC, 2003). This is generally considered an underestimate because the costs associated with the criminal justice system were not included.
The U.S. medical community treats millions of intimate partner rapes and physical assaults annually. Of the nearly 5 million intimate partner rapes and physical assaults perpetrated against women annually, approximately 2 million will result in an injury to the victim, and more than half a million will result in some type of medical treatment to the victim (Tjaden & Thoennes, 2000).
Of the estimated 2.9 million intimate partner physical assaults perpetrated against men annually, 581,391 will result in an injury to the victim, and 124,999 will result in some type of medical treatment to the victim. Many medically treated victims receive multiple forms of care—ambulance services, emergency room care, or physical therapy—and multiple treatments, such as several days in the hospital, for the same victimization (Tjaden & Thoennes, 2000).