ATrain Education

 

Continuing Education for Health Professionals

DE: Substance Abuse, Chemical Dependency, and Drug Diversion

Module 10

References

American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). (2012). Public policy statement on measures to counteract prescription drug diversion, misuse, and addiction. Retrieved 12/1/14 from http://www.asam.org.

American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). (2011). Public Policy Statement: Definition of Addiction. Retrieved from http://www.asam.org/DefinitionofAddiction-LongVersion.html.

Butler SF, Budman SH, Fernandez KC, et al. (2007). Development and validation of the Current Opioid Misuse Measure. Pain 130(1¬2):144–56. Epub 2007 May 9. Erratum in: Pain. 2009;142(1-2):169. Retrieved 11/30/14 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1950245/.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (CDC MMWR). (2014). Vital Signs: Variation Among States in Prescribing of Opioid Pain Relievers and Benzodiazepines—United States, 2012. Retrieved 3/29/2014 from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6326a2.htm?s_cid=mm6326a2_w#Tab.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (CDC MMWR). (2013). Drug-Induced Deaths—United States, 1999–2010. Retrieved 3/29/2015 from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/su6203a27.htm.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH). (2011a). Addiction Toolkit. What other information do I require to complete the assessment? Retrieved 11/16/2014 from https://knowledgex.camh.net/primary_care/toolkits/addiction_toolkit/opioid_toolkit/
Pages/faq_information_for_assessment.aspx.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH). (2011b). Addiction Toolkit. What are the aberrant drug-related behaviours that may indicate addiction? Retrieved 11/16/2014 from https://knowledgex.camh.net/primary_care/toolkits/addiction_toolkit/opioid_toolkit/
Pages/faq_behaviours_indicate_addiction.aspx.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH). (2011c). Addiction Toolkit. How do I assess patients to determine if they are addicted to opioids? Retrieved 11/16/2014 from https://knowledgex.camh.net/primary_care/toolkits/addiction_toolkit/opioid_toolkit/
Pages/faq_assess_patients.aspx.

Chabal C, Erjavec MK, Jacobson L, et al. (1997). Prescription opiate abuse in chronic pain patients: Clinical criteria, incidence and predictors. Clin J Pain 13(2): 150–55. Retrieved 11/28/14 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9186022.

Chou R. (2009). Clinical guidelines from the American Pain Society and the American Academy of Pain Medicine on the use of chronic opioid therapy in chronic noncancer pain. Retrieved 11/28/2014 from http://www.anthem.com/painmanagement/documents/ClinicalGuidelines2009.pdf.

Clark C, Farnsworth, J. (2006). Program for recovering nurses: An evaluation. MEDSURG Nursing 15(4), 223–30.

Clinicians for Responsible Opioid Prescribing (PROP). (2012). Cautious, Evidence-based Opioid Prescribing. Retrieved 11/28/2014 from http://www.supportprop.org/educational/PROP_OpioidPrescribing.pdf.

Compton PA, Wu SM, Schieffer B, et al. (2008, October). Introduction of a self-report version of the Prescription Drug Use Questionnaire and relationship to Medication Agreement Non-Compliance. J Pain Symptom Manage. 36(4): 383–395. Retrieved 11/28/2014 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2630195/.

Corsini E, Zacharoff KL. (2014, 2011). Definitions related to aberrant drug-related behavior: Is there correct terminology? Retrieved 11/14/14 from https://www.painedu.org/articles_timely.asp?ArticleNumber=58.

Delaware Department of State (DDOS), Division of Professional Regulation. (2014). Title 24, regulated professions and occupations, Delaware administrative code, 1900 board of nursing, §9.2.1.1.1. Retrieved from http://regulations.delaware.gov

Delaware Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health (DHSS). (2014). Governor announces expansion of addiction treatment services. Retrieved 3/29/2015 from http://www.dhss.delaware.gov/dhss/pressreleases/2014/treatmentservices-102814_.html.

Delaware Heath Statistics Center (DHSC) Statsheet. (2013). Drug Overdose Mortality in Delaware—2010. Retrieved 3/30/2015 from http://dhss.delaware.gov/dhss/dph/hp/files/drugoverdose2010.pdf.

Delaware Prescription Drug Action Committee (DPDAC). (2013). Recommendations October 21, 2013, Presented to Governor Jack Markell. Retrieved 3/30/2015 from http://www.medicalsocietyofdelaware.org/Portals/1/Government%20Affairs/
pdacfinalreport2013.pdf.

Dowling LS, Gatchel RJ, Adams LL, et al. (2007 Sept-Oct). An evaluation of the predictive validity of the Pain Medication Questionnaire with a heterogeneous group of patients with chronic pain. J Opioid Manag. 3(5):257–66. Retrieved 11/28/2014 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18181380.

Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA). (2014). National Take Back Day: September 27, 2014. Retrieved 3/29/2015 from http://www.dea.gov/divisions/hq/2014/hq110514.pdf.

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). (2014). Office of Diversion Control, Title 21 USC Codified CSA. Retrieved 11/13/2014 from http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/21cfr/21usc/812.htm.

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). (2006). Practitioner’s Manual: An Informational Outline of the Controlled Substances Act. DEA Office of Diversion Control. Retrieved 12/4/2014 from http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/pubs/manuals/pract/pract_manual012508.pdf.

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). (2000, February). A Pharmacist’s Guide to Prescription Fraud. 1(1). Retrieved 11/19/2014 from http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/pubs/brochures/pharmguide.htm.

Dunn D. (2005, October). Substance abuse among nurses—defining the issue. AORN J 82(4):573–82, 585–8, 592–96; quiz 599–602.

Fauber J. (2012, February 19). Milwaukee Journal Sentinal, MedPage Today, “Chronic Pain Fuels Boom in Opioids.” Retrieved 12/2/14 from http://www.medpagetoday.com/neurology/PainManagement/31254.

Food and Drug Administration (FDA). (2014). Opioid Patient-Prescriber Agreement. Retrieved 11/13/2014 from http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/DrugSafety/SafeUseInitiative/UCM388151.pdf.

Food and Drug Administration (FDA). (2011). How to Dispose of Unused Medicines. Retrieved 12/3/14 from http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/ResourcesForYou/
Consumers/BuyingUsingMedicineSafely/UnderstandingOver-the-CounterMedicines/ucm107163.pdf.

Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB). (2013). Model Policy on the Use of Opioid Analgesics in the Treatment of Chronic Pain. Retrieved 12/18/2014 from http://www.fsmb.org/Media/Default/PDF/FSMB/Advocacy/pain_policy_july2013.pdf.

Ferrari R, Capraro M, Visentin M. (2012). Risk factors in opioid treatment of chronic non-cancer pain: A multidisciplinary assessment. In Pain Management: Current Issues and Opinions, Gabor Racz (Ed.). Retrieved 11/28/2014 from http://www.intechopen.com/books/pain-management-current-issues-and-opinions/risk-factors-in-opioid-treatment-of-chronic-non-cancer-pain-a-multidisciplinary-assessment.

Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (2011). FDA Blueprint for Prescriber Education for Extended-Release and Long-Acting Opioid Analgesics. Reference ID: 3612128. Retrieved 11/13/2014 from http://www.fda.gov/downloads/forindustry/userfees/prescriptiondruguserfee/ucm361069.pdf.

Glover S, Girion L. (2014, May 22). In the Los Angeles Times, “Counties sue narcotics makers, alleging ‘campaign of deception.’” Retrieved 12/2/2014 from http://www.latimes.com/local/la-me-rx-big-pharma-suit-20140522-story.html#page=1.

Gourlay DL, Heit HA. (2005). Universal Precautions in Pain Medicine: The Treatment of Chronic Pain With or Without the Disease of Addiction. Retrieved 11/21/2014 from http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/503596.

Inciardi, J, Surratt, H, Cicero, T, et al. (2009). Prescription Opioid Abuse and Diversion in an Urban Community: The Results of an Ultra- Rapid Assessment. Pain Med. 2009 Apr; 10(3):537–548. Retrieved 3/28/2015 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2719877/.

International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP). (1994). IASP Taxonomy, from Classification of Chronic Pain, 2nd ed. Edited by H. Merskey and N. Bogduk. Seattle: IASP Press. Retrieved 11/28/2014 from http://www.iasp-

Institutes of Medicine (IOM). 2011. Relieving Pain in America: A Blueprint for Transforming Prevention, Care, Education, and Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Retrieved 11/25/14 from http://www.nap.edu/catalog/13172/relieving-pain-in-america-a-blueprint-for-transforming-prevention-care.

Joint Statement from 21 Health Organizations and the Drug Enforcement Administration. (2002). Promoting Pain Relief and Preventing Abuse of Pain Medications: A Critical Balancing Act. Retrieved 11/13/2014 from http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/pubs/advisories/painrelief.pdf.

Kosten TR, George TP. (2002, July). The neurobiology of opioid dependence: Implications for treatment. Sci Pract Perspect. 1(1):13–20. Retrieved 11/18/2014 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2851054/.

McDonald DC, Carlson KE. (2013). Estimating the prevalence of opioid diversion by “doctor shoppers” in the United States. PLOS ONE 8(7):e69241, 2013. Retrieved 11/26/2014.

Medical Society of Delaware (MSD) website. Retrieved 3/29/2015 from http://www.medicalsocietyofdelaware.org/GovernmentAffairs/
StateLevel/PrescriptionDrugAbuse.aspx

Medical Society of Delaware (MSD). (2013). MSD Guidelines for the Use of Controlled Substances for the Treatment of Pain. Retrieved 3/29/2015 from http://www.medicalsocietyofdelaware.org/Portals/1/PMP/Guidelines%20for%20
Controlled%20Substances%20for%20treatment%20of%20Pain%20April%202013.pdf.

National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). (2014). Health, United States, 2013: In Brief. Hyattsville, MD. Retrieved 11/26/2014 from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus13_InBrief.pdf.

National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN). (2011). Substance Use Disorder in Nursing: A Resource Manual and Guidelines for Alternative and Disciplinary Monitoring Programs. Retrieved 11/13/2014 from https://www.ncsbn.org/SUDN_11.pdf

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2014). Prescription drugs: Abuse and addiction (NIH Pub Number 11-4881). Retrieved 11/18/14 from http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/prescription-drugs.

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2012a). Health Effects Chart. Retrieved 11/18/2014 from http://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/commonly-abused-drugs/health-effects#prescriptions_opioids.

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2012b). Understanding Drug Abuse and Addiction. Retrieved 11/18/14 from http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/understanding-drug-abuse-addiction.

National Institute on Drug Abuse ( NIDA). (2011). Drug-Related Hospital Emergency Room Visits. Retrieved from http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/drug-related-hospital-emergency-room-visits).

National Institutes of Health (NIH). (2011, Spring). NIH MedLinePlus. Chronic Pain: Symptoms, Diagnosis, & Treatment. 6(1):5–6. Retrieved 11/28/2014 from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/magazine/issues/spring11/articles/spring11pg5-6.html.

National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). (2013). Results from the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings and Detailed Tables. Retrieved December 20, 2014 from http://media.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH.aspx.

Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDPC). Office of Public Affairs. (2014). Fact Sheet: Opioid Abuse in the United States. Retrieved 11/13/ 2014 from http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/ondcp/Fact_Sheets/opioids_fact_sheet.pdf.

Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP). (2013). Delaware Drug Control Update. Retrieved 3/27/2015 from https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/state_profile_-_delaware_0.pdf.

Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP). (2011a). Fact Sheet: A Response to the Epidemic of Prescription Drug Abuse. Retrieved 11/13/2014 from http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/ondcp/Fact_Sheets/
prescription_drug_abuse_fact_sheet_4-25-11.pdf.

Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP). (2011b). Prescription Drug Abuse. Retrieved 11/21/14 from http://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp/prescription-drug-abuse.

Passik SD. (2009, July). Issues in long-term opioid therapy: Unmet needs, risks, and solutions. Mayo Clin Proc. 84(7): 593–601. Retrieved 11/13/ 2014 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2704131/

State of Delaware Code. Retrieved 3/29/2015 from http://delcode.delaware.gov/title16/c047/sc07/index.shtml#4798.

State of Delaware, Board of Nursing. Section 9.2.1.1.1. Retrieved 3/29/2015 from http://regulations.delaware.gov/AdminCode/title24/1900.shtml.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2014a). NSDUH. (2013). Results from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings, NSDUH Series H-48, HHS Publication No. (SMA) 14-4863. Rockville, MD. Retrieved 11/13/2014 from http://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/
files/NSDUHresultsPDFWHTML2013/Web/NSDUHresults2013.pdf.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2014b). Specific Populations and Prescription Drug Misuse and Abuse. Retrieved from 11/13/2014 http://www.samhsa.gov/prescription-drug-misuse-abuse/specific-populations.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2014c). Prescription Drug Misuse and Abuse. Retrieved 11/18/2014from http://www.samhsa.gov/prescription-drug-misuse-abuse.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2014d). Opioid Overdose Prevention Toolkit. HHS Publication No. (SMA) 14-4742. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved 11/18/2014 from http://store.samhsa.gov/product/Opioid-Overdose-Prevention-Toolkit-Updated-2014/SMA14-4742 11/18/2014.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Treatment Episode Data Set (SAMHSA, TEDS). (2014). Based on administrative data reported by States to TEDS through Oct 24, 2014. Retrieved 3/28/2015 from http://wwwdasis.samhsa.gov/webt/quicklink/DE12.htm.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2013). The CBHSQ Report: A Day in the Life of American Adolescents: Substance Use Facts Update. Retrieved 11/13/2014 from http://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/CBHSQ128_1/CBHSQ128/sr128-typical-day-adolescents-2013.htm.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2011). Leading Change: A Plan for SAMHSA’s Roles and Actions 2011–2014. HHS Publication No. (SMA) 11-4629. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2008) States In Brief: Delaware. A Short Report from the Office of Applied Statistics. Retrieved 3/28/2015 from http://archive.samhsa.gov/data/StatesInBrief/2k9/DELAWARE_508.pdf.

Trust for America’s Health (TAH). (2013). Prescription Drug Abuse: Strategies to Stop the Epidemic 2013. Retrieved 3/27/2015 from http://healthyamericans.org/
reports/drugabuse2013/TFAH2013RxDrugAbuseRpt12_no_embargo.pdf.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare & and Medicaid Services (CMS). (2014). Partners in Integrity: What Is a Prescriber’s Role in Preventing the Diversion of Prescription Drugs? Retrieved 12/2/2014 from http://www.cms.gov/medicare-medicaid-coordination/fraud-prevention/medicaid-integrity-education/provider-education-toolkits/downloads/prescriber-role-drugdiversion.pdf.

University of Delaware Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies (UDCDAS) and Its State Partners (2015). 2015 Delaware State Epidemiological Profile: Consumption, Context, and Consequences of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs Abuse. Retrieved 3/26/2015 from http://www.cas.udel.edu/cdhs/ddata/Documents/
2015%20Delaware%20Epidemiological%20Report.pdf

(VA/DoD). (2010). Tapering and Discontinuing Opioids factsheet. VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Opioid Therapy for Chronic Pain. Retrieved 12/1/14 from http://www.healthquality.va.gov/guidelines/Pain/cot/OpioidTaperingFactSheet23May2013v1.pdf.

WebMD Substance Abuse and Addiction Health Center. (2013). Painkillers, Narcotic Abuse, and Addiction. Retrieved 11/13/2014 from http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/addiction/painkillers-and-addiction-narcotic-abuse#0.

Wu SM, Compton P, Bolus R, et al. (2006). The addiction behaviors checklist: Validation of a new clinician-based measure of inappropriate opioid use in chronic pain. J Pain Symptom Manage. 32(4):342–51. Retrieved 11/13/2014 from http://www.emergingsolutionsinpain.com/images/pdf/reslib/Addiction_Behaviors_Checklist.pdf.

Yudko E, Lozhkina O, Fouts A. (1997, March). A comprehensive review of the psychometric properties of the Drug Abuse Screening Test. J Subst Abuse Treat. 32(2):189-98. Retrieved 11/28/14 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17306727.

    Instructions
  • Online
  • Study the course, take the test, register and pay, print your certificate. Done!

  • Print Option
  • Click "Print Option" to print a hard copy with mail-in instructions.

  • Take the Test