Bloodborne Pathogens: HBV, HCV and HIVPage 12 of 12

10. References / Quiz Login or Register

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Resources

OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard
800 321-OSHA (6742)
http://osha.bloodbornepathogens.us/

To report unsafe working conditions or safety/health violations to OSHA, contact
800-321-OSHA (6742)
TTY 877 889 5627

For questions about appropriate medical treatment for occupational exposures, assistance is available from the Clinicians Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) Line at:
1-888-448-4911
http://www.nccc.ucsf.edu/External

References

AIDSInfo net. (2014). HIV in Prisons and Jails. Retrieved from http://www.aidsinfonet.org/fact_sheets/view/615.

American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA). (2019). Recommendations for testing, management, and treating hepatitis C. HCV testing and linkage to care. Retrieved from http://www.hcvguidelines.org.

Braun Website. (n.d.) Sharps Injury: Risk Prevention. Sharing Expertise. Retrieved from https://www.bbraunforsafety.com/en/sharps-injury.html#.

Canadian Centre for Occupational Health (CCOH). (2018). Needle stick and Sharps Injuries. Retrieved from https://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/diseases/needle stick_injuries.html.

Cash J, Glass, C. (2017). Family Practice Guidelines, 4th ed. New York: Springer.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2019). Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents in Healthcare Settings. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/hai/.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2019a). Hepatitis C Questions and Answers for Health Professionals. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hcv/hcvfaq.htm#section4.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).  (2017). Rates of New HIV Diagnoses per 100,000, by Race/Ethnicity in the United States. HIV Surveillance Report. 2016 Published Nov 2017, Vol. 28.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2016). Hepatitis. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/statistics/2016surveillance/commentary.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2013). National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Stop sticks campaign. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/stopsticks/sharpsinjuries.html.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2008). Recommendations for identification and public health management of persons with chronic hepatitis B virus infection. MMWR 2008;57(No. RR-08).

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) (2019). Retrieved from https://wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/.

Clinical Consultation Center, University of San Francisco (UCSF). (2019). Offers connections to clinicians available to patients seeking help with various experts. Retrieved from https://nccc.ucsf.edu.

Dan C. (2017). Hepatitis A outbreaks appearing across nation. HHS.gov. Retrieved from https://www.hhs.gov/hepatitis/blog/2017/08/08/hepatitis-a-outbreaks-appearing-across-the-country.html.

Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). (2019). AIDS case definition. Image. Retrieved from https://aidsinfo.nih.gov/understanding-hiv-aids/glossary/2925/aids-case-definition#.

EPINet. (2009). 2009 EPINet Report: Blood and Body Fluid Exposures. International Healthcare Worker Safety Center University of Virginia . Retrieved from https://internationalsafetycenter.org/wp-content/uploads/reports/2009-Blood-and-Body-Fluid-Exposure-Report.pdf.

Firas SK, Juni MH, Rahman AA, Said SM. (2014). Needlestick and Sharp Injuries among Healthcare Workers in Hospitals: A Mini-Systematic Review. International Journal of Clinical Medicine Research 1(4):151–60.

Healthline (2019). Hepatitis C by the numbers: facts, statistics, and you. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health/hepatitis-c/facts-statistics-infographic.

Hofmesiter MG, Rosenthal EM, Barker LK, et al. (2019). Estimating prevalence of hepatitis C Virus Infection in the United States, 2013–16. Hepatology 2018.

Hood R. (2011). Removing Needles from correctional settings. CorrectionsOne.com Retrieved from https://www.correctionsone.com/products/medical-supplies/articles/3834151-Removing-needles-from-correctional-settings/.

Lipscomb J, Sokas R, McPhaul K, et al. (2009). Occupational blood exposure among unlicensed home care workers and home care registered nurses: Are they protected? American Journal of Industrial Medicine 52(7):563–70.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). (2019a). OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard Fact Sheet. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_BloodborneFacts/bbfact01.pdf.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). (2019b). Bloodborne Pathogens Law 1910.1030. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/laws-regs/regulations/standardnumber/1910/1910.1030.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). (2019c). Overview of State Needle Safety Regulation. Healthcare Wide Hazards. Bloodborne Pathogens. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/hospital/hazards/bbp/bbp.html.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). (2019d). Quick reference guide to the bloodborne pathogens standard. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/bloodbornepathogens/bloodborne_quickref.html.

Occupy-medical.org. (n.d.). Needlestick Protocol: What to Do. Retrieved from http://occupy-medical.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/needlestick-protocol.pdf.

Phillips E, Conaway M, Jagger J. (2012). Percutaneous injuries before and after the needle stick safety and prevention act. The New England Journal of Medicine; 36:670-671.Retrieved from https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc1110979.

Quinn MM, Markkanen PK, Galligan CJ, et al. (2009). Sharps injuries and other blood and body fluid exposures among home healthcare nurses and aides. American Journal of Public Health 99(S3:S7):10–17.

Sharma GK, Gilson MM, Nathan H, Makary MA. (2009). Needle stick injuries among medical students: incidence and implications. Academic Medicine 84(12):1815–21.

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