Flu: The Other Deadly VirusPage 14 of 14

13. References / Quiz Login or Register

Arinaminpathy N, Grenfell B. (2010). Dynamics of glycoprotein charge in the evolutionary history of human influenza. PLoS ONE 5(12):e15674. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0015674. Retrieved January 10, 2022 from https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0015674.

Billings M. (2005). The Influenza Pandemic of 1918. Retrieved January 10, 2022 from http://virus.stanford.edu/uda/.

Blank PR, Bonnelye G, Ducastel A, Szucs TD. (2012). Attitudes of the general public and general practitioners in five countries towards pandemic and seasonal influenza vaccines during season 2009/2010. PLoS ONE 7(10):e45450. Retrieved January 13, 2022 from http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0045450.

Black CL, Yue X, et al. (2017). Influenza vaccination coverage among health care personnel—United States, 2016–17 Influenza Season. MMWR 66:1009–1015. Doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6638a1. Retrieved January 25, 2022 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5657674/.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2021, December 17). COVID Data Tracker Weekly Review. Retrieved January 6, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/covid-data/covidview/index.html.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2021, December 10). Prevention and Control of Seasonal Influenza with Vaccines: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)—United States, 2021-22. Summary of Recommendations. Retrieved January 7, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/pdf/professionals/acip/acip-2021-22-summary-of-recommendations-updated.pdf.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2021, December 8). Frequently Asked Flu Questions:2019–2020 Influenza Season. Retrieved January 10, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/season/flu-season-2019-2020.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2021, December 3). CDC Influenza Antiviral Medications: Summary for Clinicians. Retrieved January 6, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/professionals/antivirals/summary-clinicians.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2021, November 2). Types of Influenza Viruses. Retrieved January 10, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/viruses/types.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2021, October 25). Vaccine Effectiveness: How Well Do Flu Vaccines Work? Retrieved November 4, 2021 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/vaccines-work/vaccineeffect.htm?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fflu%2Fabout%2Fqa%2Fvaccineeffect.htm&wdLOR=cD265E3FF-2320-405A-A3B0-3F321B631F29.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2021, October 7). Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Health Care Personnel—United States, 2020–21 Influenza Season. Retrieved February 16, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/fluvaxview/hcp-coverage_1920-21-estimates.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2021, September 28). The Flu Season. Retrieved January 6, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/season/flu-season.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2021, September 17). Flu Adjuvant Flu Vaccine. Retrieved January 8, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/prevent/adjuvant.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, September 1, 2021). Influenza Antiviral Drug Baloxavir Marboxil. Retrieved January 6, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/treatment/baloxavir-marboxil.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2021a, August 31). What You Should Know About Flu Antiviral Drugs. Retrieved February 16, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/treatment/whatyoushould.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2021b, August 31). How Influenza (Flu) Vaccines Are Made. Retrieved January 7, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/prevent/how-fluvaccine-made.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2021, August 27). Quadrivalent Influenza Vaccine. Retrieved November 4, 2021 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/prevent/quadrivalent.htm?web=1&wdLOR=c600F8EB5-F7EE-415B-A194-0C2542D0CAC1.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2021, August 3). Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine [LAIV] (The Nasal Spray Flu Vaccine). Retrieved November 4, 2021 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/prevent/nasalspray.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2021, May 13). Prevention Strategies for Seasonal Influenza in Healthcare Settings. Guidelines and Recommendations. Retrieved February 16, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/professionals/infectioncontrol/healthcaresettings.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2020, November 17).  Interim Guidance for Influenza Outbreak Management in Long-Term Care and Post-Acute Care Facilities. Retrieved February 16, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/professionals/infectioncontrol/ltc-facility-guidance.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2019, September 5). Summary of the 2017–2018 Influenza Season. Retrieved February 16, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/season/flu-season-2017-2018.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2019, January 3). Key Facts about Human Infections with Variant Viruses. Retrieved January 10, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/swineflu/keyfacts-variant.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2017). Influenza Type A Viruses. Retrieved January 10, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/flu/avianflu/influenza-a-virus-subtypes.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2010). 2009 H1N1 Flu ("Swine Flu") and You. Retrieved January 10, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/qa.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC PHIL). (2009). Public Health Image Library. Retrieved February 16, 2022 from https://phil.cdc.gov/Details.aspx?pid=11161.

College of Physicians of Philadelphia, The. (2022). Misconceptions about vaccines. In: The History of Vaccines. Retrieved February 16, 2022 from https://www.historyofvaccines.org/content/articles/misconceptions-about-vaccines.

Food and Drug Administration (FDA). (2019a). Becomes FDA, 2020, September 28. FDA's Critical Role in Ensuring Supply of Influenza Vaccine. Retrieved January 7, 2022 from https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/fdas-critical-role-ensuring-supply-influenza-vaccine.

Fridman A, Gershon R, Gneezy A. (2021). COVID-19 and vaccine hesitancy: A longitudinal study. PLoS ONE 16(4): e0250123. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0250123. Retrieved January 15, 2022 from https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0250123.

Grohskopf LA, Alyanak E, Ferdinands JM, et al. (2021). Prevention and Control of Seasonal Influenza with Vaccines: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices—United States, 2021–2022 Influenza Season. MMWR Recomm Rep 2021;70(No. RR-5):1–28. Doi:10.15585/mmwr.rr7005a1. Retrieved November 4, 2021 from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/rr/rr7005a1.htm.

Hall E. (2021, August 18). Influenza. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases. 14th ed. Washington, D.C. Public Health Foundation, 2021. Retrieved January 10, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/flu.html.

Health and Human Services, United States Department of (HHS). (2009). “The Great Pandemic: The United States in 1918–1919.” Legacy website from Office of the Public Health Service Historian. Retrieved January 10, 2022  from https://cybercemetery.unt.edu/archive/allcollections/20090305010427/http://vietnamese.pandemicflu.gov/pandemicflu/envi/24/_1918_pandemicflu_gov/index.htm.

Kesinger E, Liu J, Jensen A, et al. Influenza D virus M2 protein exhibits ion channel activity in Xenopus laevis oocytes. PLOS One. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0199227. Retrieved January 10, 2022 from https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0199227#references.

Kim RH, Day SC, Small DS, et al. (2018). Variations in influenza vaccination by clinic appointment time and an active choice intervention in the electronic health record to increase influenza vaccination. JAMA Network Open 1(5):e181770. Doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1770. Retrieved January 11, 2022 from https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2702210?resultClick=3.

Lee JT, Althomsons SP, Wu H, et al. (2021). Disparities in COVID-19 Vaccination Coverage Among Health Care Personnel Working in Long-Term Care Facilities, by Job Category, National Healthcare Safety Network—United States, March 2021. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021;70:1036–1039. Doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm7030a2. Retrieved January 25, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7030a2.htm.

Liu J, Lin S, Wang L, Chiu H, Lee J. (2021). Comparison of Antiviral Agents for Seasonal Influenza Outcomes in Healthy Adults and Children: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(8):e2119151. Doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.19151. Retrieved February 17, 2022 from https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2782995.

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). (2019, July 1). Vaccine Types. Retrieved January 7, 2022 from https://www.niaid.nih.gov/research/vaccine-types.

Nicholls H. (2006). Pandemic Influenza: The Inside Story. PLoS Biol 4(2):e50. Doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0040050. Retrieved January 10, 2022 from http://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.0040050.

Palese P, Wang TT. (2011). Why Do Influenza Virus Subtypes Die Out? A Hypothesis. mBio 2(5) e00150-11. Doi:10.1128/?mBio.00150-11. Retrieved September 19, 2019 from http://mbio.asm.org/content/2/5/e00150-11.full.

Sabin Vaccine Institute. (2020). Vaccine Hesitancy: Meeting the Challenge. Retrieved November 4, 2021 from https://www.sabin.org/updates/resources/meeting-challenge-vaccination-hesitancy.

Sederdahl BK, Williams JV. (2020). Epidemiology and Clinical Characteristics of Influenza C Virus. Viruses. 2020;12(1):89. Doi:10.3390/v12010089. Retrieved January 10, 2022 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7019359/.

Shasha D, Valinsky L, Hershkowitz Sikron F, et al. (2020). Quadrivalent versus trivalent influenza vaccine: clinical outcomes in two influenza seasons, historical cohort study. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, Volume 26, Issue 1. Doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2019.05.003. Retrieved February 17, 2022 from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1198743X19302162.

Solly M. (2020, October 2). What Happened When Woodrow Wilson Came Down with the 1918 Flu? Smithsonian magazine. Retrieved January 8, 2022 from https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/what-happened-when-woodrow-wilson-came-down-1918-flu-180975972/.

Soucheray S. (2020, April 10). “Great Influenza” author talks COVID-19, 1918 flu. CIDRAP News. Retrieved January 8, 2022 from https://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2020/04/great-influenza-author-talks-covid-19-1918-flu.

Suess T, Remschmidt C, Schink SB, et al. (2012). Comparison of Shedding Characteristics of Seasonal Influenza Virus (Sub)Types and Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09; Germany, 2007–2011. PLoS ONE 7(12):e51653. Retrieved January 10, 2022 from http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0051653.

Taubenberger JK, Morens DM. (2006, January). 1918 Influenza: The mother of all pandemics. Emerging Infectious Diseases 12(1). Retrieved January 8, 2022 from https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/12/1/pdfs/05-0979.pdf.

Uyeki, Timothy M., Bernstein, et al. (2018). Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America: 2018 Update on Diagnosis, Treatment, Chemoprophylaxis, and Institutional Outbreak Management of Seasonal Influenza. Clinical Infectious Diseases, Volume 68, Issue 6. Doi:10.1093/cid/ciy866. Retrieved January 21, 2022 from https://www.idsociety.org/practice-guideline/influenza/.

Xu X, Blanton L, Elal AI, et al. (2019). Update: Influenza Activity in the United States During the 2018–2019 Season and Composition of the 2019–2020 Influenza Vaccine. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 68:544–551. Doi:10.15585/mmwr. Retrieved January 21, 2022 from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6824a3.htm.

Yaqub O, Castle-Clarke S, Sevdalisc N, Chataway J. (2014, July). Attitudes to vaccination: A critical review. Social Science & Medicine 112:1–11. Doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.04.018. Retrieved January 15, 2022 from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953614002421.

You've reached the end of this section