New York: Child Abuse and Maltreatment/Neglect for Mandated Reporters (348)Page 15 of 16

14. Conclusion / Resources

The impact of child abuse and neglect is often discussed in terms of physical, psychological, behavioral, or societal consequences; in reality, however, it is impossible to separate them completely. Physical consequences such as damage to a child’s growing brain can have psychological implications such as cognitive delays or emotional difficulties. Psychological problems often manifest as high-risk behavior.

Depression and anxiety may make a person more likely to smoke, abuse drugs or alcohol, or overeat. High-risk behaviors, in turn, can lead to long-term physical health problems such as sexually transmitted infections, cancer, or obesity. Furthermore, children who are abused are at increased risk of abusing their own children.

The State of New York requires that certain professionals intercede on behalf of the helpless victims of child abuse by making an official report when they have reasonable cause to suspect that such abuse may be taking place. These professionals, called mandated reporters, are in a unique position to help interrupt the complex and damaging cycle of violence that results from child abuse and maltreatment/neglect.

Since the COVID pandemic, healthcare organizations have come to recognize the incredible impact bias can have on child abuse reporting, medical decision-making, and diagnoses. Now, instead of making assumptions or jumping to conclusions that a child is being maltreated or abused, mandated reporters are encouraged to evaluate potential biases that can affect their decision to report or not report.

Adverse childhood experiences and childhood trauma can have a negative impact on a child’s health over time. A comprehensive approach to preventing adverse childhood experiences and trauma focuses on primary prevention, supporting families, and encouraging children to be involved in social activities. These sorts of protective factors can reduce the risk child abuse and violence, and moderate trauma-related distress.

It has become increasingly important for helping professionals to understand and embrace the diversity that is a vibrant part of American culture. Understanding Native cultures, immigrants, and people with limited English proficiency is fast becoming an essential skill for healthcare providers and other mandated reporters.


New York State Office of Children and Family Services

To report abuse or neglect

    800 342 3720   TDD/TTY: 800 638 5163

Justice Center

    855 373 2122

Prevent Child Abuse New York

Phone: 518 880 3592   Fax: 518 880 3566

Parent Helpline: 1-800-CHILDREN (800 244 5373) (9am–10pm daily)

Provides information and resources for kids, parents, and concerned citizens.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services

Administration for Children and Families, Children’s Bureau, Child Welfare Information Gateway