Fentanyl: Scourge of the OpioidsPage 11 of 11

9. References / Quiz Login or Register



Addiction Center
Fentanyl Addiction, Abuse and Treatment

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Fentanyl:
Preventing Occupational Exposure to Emergency Responders


National Institute on Drug Abuse

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health: Fentanyl: Preventing Occupational Exposure to Emergency Responders


American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). (2016). Opioid Addiction 2016 Facts & Figures. Retrieved March 13, 2018 from http://www.asam.org/docs/default-source/advocacy/opioid-addiction-disease-facts-figures.pdf.

Baumann M. (2018). Pasternak G. Novel Synthetic Opiods and Overdose Deaths: Tip of the Iceberg? Neuropsychopharmacology. 2018; 43:216-17. Retrieved March 13, 2018 from https://www.nature.com/articles/npp2017211.

Boston Globe. (2018). Comparing the lethality and potency of opioid drugs 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2018 from http://www.bostonglobe.com/Error/Generic;jsessionid=344097A00A0FFAF68A4D33500BB3940E.

Boston Globe. (2016). Strict opioids laws hit chronic pain sufferers hard 2016. Retrieved March 13, 2018 from https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2016/06/18/the-other-side-america-war-opioids/i9YYLR0bGWFdP9z1T1pwjI/story.html.

Carlson, Rudd RA, Seth P, et al. (2015). Increases in drug and opioid-involved overdose deaths—United States, 2010–2015. MMWR 2016; 65:1445–52.

Centers of Disease Control (CDC). (2017). Overdose Deaths Related to Fentanyl and Its Analogs, Ohio 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2018 from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6634a3.htm?s_cid=mm6634a3_w.

Dowell D, Haegerich T, Chou R. (2016). CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain, United States, 2016. MMWR Recommendations Rep 2016;65(No. RR-1):1–49. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.rr6501e1.

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). (2017). Emerging Threat Report, Third Quarter 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2018 from https://ndews.umd.edu/resources/dea-emerging-threat-reports.

Drugs.com. (2018). Fentanyl Injection. Retrieved April 6, 2018 from https://www.drugs.com/fentanyl.html.

Dunphy L, Winland-Brown J. (2015). Primary Care: The Art and Science of Advanced Practice Nursing, 5th ed. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company.

Gladden RM, Martinez P, Seth P. (2016). Fentanyl law enforcement submissions and increases in synthetic opioid-involved overdose deaths: 27 States, 2013–2014. MMWR 2016; 65:837–843. Retrieved March 13, retrieved from https://journals.lww.com/journaladdictionmedicine/fulltext/2017/08000/Misuse_of_Novel_Synthetic_Opioids_A_Deadly_New.5.aspx#R32-5.

Hedegaard H, Chen LH, Warner M. (2014). Drug-poisoning deaths involving heroin: United States, 2000–2013. NCHS data brief, no 190.

Herald, The. (2018). Government must step up fight against fentanyl. Retrieved March 13, 2018 from http://www.sharonherald.com/opinion/editorials/government-must-step-up-fight-against-fentanyl/article_0a05ffed-36ee-5d7b-9f34-3ec0bd37a40c.html.

Kenna G, Lewis D. (2008). Risk factors for alcohol and other drug use by healthcare professionals. Substance Abuse Treatment Prevention Policy 2008. Retrieved 4 September 2017 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2265282/.

Kosten T and O’Connor P. (2013). Management of drug and alcohol withdrawal. NEJM 2003; 348:1786-1795.

Kreek M, Nielsen D, Butelman E, LaForge K. (2005). Genetic influences on impulsivity, risk taking, stress responsibility and vulnerability to drug abuse and addiction. Neurobiology of Addiction. Nature Neuroscience 2005; Retrieved March 13, 2018 from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/David_Nielsen/publication/7514762_Genetic_Influences_on_Impulsivity_Risk_Taking_Stress_Responsivity_and_Vulnerability_to_Drug_Abuse_and_Addiction/links/09e41513114210281a000000/Genetic-Influences-on-Impulsivity-Risk-Taking-Stress-Responsivity-and-Vulnerability-to-Drug-Abuse-and-Addiction.pdf.

Mistry CJ, Bawor M, Desai D, et al. (2014). Genetics of opioid dependence: A review of the genetic contribution to opioid dependence. Curr Psychiatry Rev. 10(2):156-67. Retrieved March 13, 2018 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4155832/.

Moshtagian A. (2016). Police Officer overdoses after brushing fentanyl powder off his uniform. CNN 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2018 from https://www.cnn.com/2017/05/16/health/police-fentanyl-overdose-trnd/index.html.

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2018). Fentanyl. Retrieved March 8, 2018 from https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/fentanyl.

National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). (2017). NCHS Fact Sheet 2017. Data on Drug-poisoning Deaths. Retrieved March 13, 2018 from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/factsheets/factsheet_drug_poisoning.htm.

National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (2018). Complementary, Alternative, or Integrative Health: What’s in a Name? Retrieved April 8, 2018 from https://nccih.nih.gov/health/integrative-health.

Ostroff J. (2017). There is a solution to Canada’s fentanyl overdose crisis: End drug prohibition. Huff Post 2017; Retrieved March 13, 2018 from http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2017/02/28/fentanyl-crisis-drugs-prohibition_n_14916126.html.

Peterson AB, Gladden RM, Delcher C, et al. (2016). Increases in fentanyl-related overdose deaths—Florida and Ohio, 2013–2015. MMWR 2016;65:844–9.

Prekupec MP, Mansky PA, Baumann MH. (2017). Misuse of novel synthetic opioids: A deadly new trend. J Addict Med 2017; 11: 256–265. Retrieved March 13, 2018 from https://journals.lww.com/journaladdictionmedicine/fulltext/2017/08000/Misuse_of_Novel_Synthetic_Opioids___A_Deadly_New.5.aspx.

U.S. Department of Justice (USDJ), Drug Enforcement Administration, Diversion Control Division, Drug & Chemical Evaluation Section. (2016, December). Fentanyl. Retrieved March 8, 2018 from https://www.deadiversion. usdoj.gov/drug_chem_info/fentanyl.pdf.

Rudd RA, Seth P, David F, Scholl L. (2016). Increases in drug and opioid- involved overdose deaths—United States, 2010–2015. MMWR 65:1445–52. 2016. Available from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/ volumes/65/wr/mm655051e1.htm.

Saul J. Deadly Drug Fentanyl Spikes Opioid Epidemic. (2016). Newsweek. Retrieved March 13, 2018 from http://www.newsweek.com/2016/10/21/fentanyl-floods-us-opioid-epidemic-508972.html.

Schuckit M. (2016). Treatment of Opioid Use Disorders. NEJM 375(4)357. March 13, 2018 from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra1604339#t=article.

Shoff EN, Zaney ME, Kahl JH, et al. (2017). Qualitative identification of fentanyl analogs and other opioids in postmortem cases by UHPLC-Ion Trap-MSn. J Anal Toxicol 201; 41: 484–492.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), and U.S Department of Health and Human Services Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) (2016). SBIRT: Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment. Retrieved March 13, 2018 from http://www.integration.samhsa.gov/clinical-practice/sbirt.

Thomas R. (2017). DEA adds fentanyl variants to schedule along with other illegal drugs. WAFB. Retrieved March 13, 2018 from http://www.wafb.com/story/36808771/dea-adds-fentanyl-variants-to-schedule-along-with-other-illegal-drugs.

Tribune News. (2018). Markos Koulanakis: China Uses Fentanyl in Opium War Against America. Retrieved April 8, 2018 from http://www.mcall.com/opinion/national/mc-fentanyl-china-trump-1104-20171103-story.html.

Turk D, Swanson K, Gatchel R. (2008). Predicting opioid misuse by chronic pain patients: A systematic review and literature synthesis. Clinical Journal of Pain 24(6):497–508. Retrieved March 13, 2018 from http://journals.lww.com/clinicalpain/Abstract/2008/07000/Predicting_Opioid_Misuse_by_Chronic_Pain_Patients_.4.aspx.

Vucković S, Prostran M, Ivanović M, et al. (2009). Fentanyl analogs: Structure-activity-relationship study. Curr Med Chem 2009; 16:2468–2474.

BackReturning Users Login to Take Quiz

New Users Register, Then Proceed to Quiz
You've reached the end of this section