WV: Mental Health Care of American Veterans and Their FamiliesPage 9 of 9

7. References / Quiz Login or Register


Veterans Crisis Line

The Veterans Crisis Line connects Veterans in crisis and their families and friends with qualified, caring DVA responders. It is a confidential toll-free hotline, online chat, or text. Veterans and their loved ones can

  • call 800 273 8255 and Press 1
  • chat online at http://www.Veteranscrisisline.net/ChatTermsOfService.aspx
  • or, send a text message to 838255 to receive confidential support 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year.
  • Deaf and hard of hearing Veterans can find support via online chat, text and TTY service at http://www.Veteranscrisisline.net/GetHelp/Accessibility.aspx.
Veteran Combat Call Center

Veterans and their families who wish to talk to another combat Veteran (or a family member of a combat Veteran) about their military service or any other issue related to readjusting to civilian life can call the 24/7 confidential Veteran Combat Call Center at

  • 877 WAR VETS (877 927 8387)
  • More information is available at http://www.vetcenter.va.gov/media/Call-Center-PSA.asp.
Military OneSource

Military OneSource is a 24/7 central hub for members of the military community. Veterans and their families can phone.

  • 800 342 9647
  • or go to http://www.militaryonesource.mil/ for counseling and many other resources. Topics include family and relationships, financial and legal, health and wellness, education and employment, on- and off-base living, deployment, and transition.
Wounded Warrior Project

Body, mind, economic empowerment, engagement. Family services, Benefits services, WWP Resource Center

  • http://www.woundedwarriorproject.org/
Veterans Upward Bound, U.S. Department of Education
TRiO Program

WV vets have received free services through Upward Bound since 1990. Veterans Upward Bound offers refresher and preparatory classes in English, math, science, foreign language, and computer skills at several locations in West Virginia.

  • http://www.vubwv.org/
Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress (CSTS)
  • http://centerforthestudyoftraumaticstress.org
Center for Women Veterans
  • www.womenshealth.va.gov/WOMENSHEALTH/index.asp
PTSD Toolkit: A Resource from the American Nurses Foundation
  • http://www.nurseptsdtoolkit.org/


Note: In light of the ubiquitous acronyms in the references below, your editor has decided to part from customary style and boldface the acronyms themselves. I hope this will facilitate your search. The entries are still alphabetized by name, not acronym.

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Allen PE, et al. (2015). Veterans’ health care considerations for today’s nursing curricula. J Nurs Educ 52(11):634–40. Retrieved August 4, 2015 from http://www.healio.com/nursing/journals/jne/2013-11-52-11/%7B97396d83-4d4e-446a-89af-d94b8990fc3c%7D/Veterans-health-care-considerations-for-todays-nursing-curricula.

American Academy of Nursing (AAN). (2017). Have You Ever Served in the Military? Retrieved June 2, 2017 from http://www.haveyoueverserved.com/intake-questions.html.

American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013). Major Depressive Disorder and the “Bereavement Exclusion.” Retrieved September 8, 2015 from http://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/practice/dsm/dsm-5.

Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA). (2015). Depression. Retrieved September 8, 2015 from http://www.adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/depression.

Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA). (2017). Screening for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Retrieved June 24, 2017 from https://www.adaa.org/screening-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd.

Army Gold Book. (2012). Army 2020: Generating Health and Discipline in the Force: Ahead of the Strategic Reset Report 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2015 from http://usarmy.vo.llnwd.net/e2/c/downloads/235822.pdf.

Beaucar Vlahos K. (2016, January 16). Stigma of the “Damaged Veteran” a Barrier to Treatment, As Suicides Claim More U.S. Troops. Retrieved 5/29/2017 from http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2016/01/19/stigma-damaged-Veteran-barrier-to-treatment-as-suicides-claim-more-us-troops.html.

Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (2015). Child Maltreatment: Definitions. Retrieved September 9, 2015 from http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/childmaltreatment/definitions.html.

Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (2015a). Intimate Partner Violence: Risk and Protective Factors. Retrieved September 12, 2015 from http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/intimatepartnerviolence/riskprotectivefactors.html.

Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (2014). Strategic direction for child maltreatment prevention: Preventing child maltreatment through the promotion of safe, stable, and nurturing relationships between children and caregivers. Retrieved September 13, 2015 from http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/CM_Strategic_Direction--Long-a.pdf.

Dedert E, Calhoun P, Harper L, et al. (2012). Smoking withdrawal in smokers with and without posttraumatic stress disorder. Nicotine Tob Res 14:372–76.

Defense Centers of Excellence For Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury (DCEPHTBI). (2013). Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Pocket Guide: To accompany the 2010 VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Posttraumatic Stress. Retrieved August 4, 2015 from http://www.healthquality.va.gov/guidelines/mh/ptsd/index.asp.

Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury (DCEPHTBI). (n.d.). Seven Tools That Reinforce Psychological Health. Retrieved 5/29/2017 from http://www.realwarriors.net/campaignmedia/factsheets/7tools_brochure.pdf.

Department of Defense, Department of Veterans Affairs, Department of Health and Human Services (DoD/DVA/DHHS). (2016, November). Interagency Task Force on Military and Veterans Mental Health 2016 Annual Report. Retrieved 5/19/2017 from https://www.mentalhealth.va.gov/docs/ITF_2016_Annual_Report_November_2016_vF.pdf.

Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA). (2017a). America’s Wars Fact Sheet, May 2017. Retrieved 4/22/2017 from https://www1.va.gov/opa/publications/factsheets/fs_americas_wars.pdf.

Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA). (2017b; last updated April 3, 2017). Military Sexual Trauma: Overview. Retrieved 5/23/2017 from https://www.mentalhealth.va.gov/msthome.asp.

Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA). (2016, July.) VA Suicide Prevention Program, Facts about Veteran Suicide. Retrieved 5/28/2017 from https://www.va.gov/opa/publications/factsheets/Suicide_Prevention_FactSheet_New_VA_Stats_070616_1400.pdf.

Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA). (2016). Community Provider Toolkit. Retrieved 5/29/2017 from https://www.mentalhealth.va.gov/communityproviders/.

Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA). (2016a.) Disability Compensation For Conditions Related to Military Sexual Trauma (MST). Retrieved 4/13/2017 from http://www.benefits.va.gov/BENEFITS/factsheets/serviceconnected/MST.pdf.

Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA). (2015). Strength and Recovery Men Overcoming Military Sexual Trauma. Retrieved 5/28/2016 from https://www.mentalhealth.va.gov/docs/Men_Overcoming_MST.pdf.

Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA). (2014). Department of Veterans Affairs FY 2014–2020 Strategic Plan. Retrieved 5/27/2017 from https://www.va.gov/op3/docs/StrategicPlanning/VA2014-2020strategicPlan.pdf.

Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics (DVA/NCVAS). (2017). Women Veterans Report: The Past, Present and Future of Women Veterans. Retrieved 5/27/2017 from https://www.va.gov/vetdata/docs/SpecialReports/Women_Veterans_2015_Final.pdf.

Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics (DVA/NCVAS). (2015). Map: Veteran Population by State: Fiscal Year 2015. Retrieved 4/22/2017 from https://www.va.gov/vetdata/docs/Maps/VetPop14_State.pdf.

Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for PTSD (DVA/NCPTSD). (2016). How Common Is PTSD? Last updated 10/3/2016. Retrieved 5/29/2017 from https://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/PTSD-overview/basics/how-common-is-ptsd.asp.

Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA). Mental Health Services Suicide Prevention Program. (2012). Suicide Data Report, 2012. Retrieved 8/31/2015 from http://www.va.gov/opa/docs/suicide-data-report-2012-final.pdf.

Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA). (2004). Military Sexual Trauma: Independent Study Course. Retrieved 6/9/2017 from https://www.publichealth.va.gov/docs/vhi/military_sexual_trauma.pdf.

Department of Veterans Affairs/Department of Defense (DVA/DoD). (2013a). VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guideline for Assessment and Management of Patients At Risk for Suicide. Retrieved August 10, 2015 from http://www.healthquality.va.gov/guidelines/MH/srb/.

Dotinga R. (2015a). Few military women seek care after sexual assault: Study. Retrieved from http://health.usnews.com/health-news/articles/2015/05/01/few-military-women-seek-care-after-sexual-assault-study.

Dotinga R. (2015b). Combat Vets Most Prone to Domestic Abuse: Yale Study Looks at Homefront Effects of War on Men, Society. National Council on Child Abuse and Family Violence. Retrieved September 12, 2015 from http://www.nccafv.org/combat_vets.htm.

Executive Order 13625, Improving Access to Mental Health Services for Veterans, Service Members, and Military Families, President Barack Obama, August 31, 2012. Retrieved 5/27/2017 from https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2012/08/31/executive-order-improving-access-mental-health-services-Veterans-service.

Frančišković T, Stevanović A, Jelušić I, et al. (2007). Secondary Traumatization of Wives of War Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Retrieved 9/8/2015 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2080512/.

Golub A, Vazan P, Bennett A, Liberty H. (2013). Unmet need for treatment of substance use disorders and serious psychological distress among Veterans: A Nationwide Analysis Using the NSDUH. Military Medicine 178(1):107–14. Retrieved 9/5/2015 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3743427/.

Hoffmire CA, Kemp J, Bossarte R, et al. (2015). Changes in suicide mortality for Veterans and non-Veterans by gender and history of VHA service use, 2000–2010. Psychiatr Serv. 2015; doi:10.1176/appi.ps.201400031. Retrieved from http://ps.psychiatryonline.org/doi/abs/10.1176/appi.ps.201400031.

Institute of Medicine (IOM). (2013). Returning Home from Iraq and Afghanistan: Assessment of Readjustment Needs of Veterans, Service Members, and Their Families. Report Brief. Retrieved September 7, 2015 from http://iom.nationalacademies.org/~/media/Files/Report%20Files/2013/Returning-Home-Iraq-Afghanistan/Returning-Home-Iraq-Afghanistan-RB.pdf.

Jordan B. (2015). Nationwide Campaign Urges Doctors to Ask if Patients Are Veterans. Retrieved July 25, 2015 from http://www.military.com/daily-news/2015/02/15/nationwide-campaign-urges-doctors-to-ask-if-patients-are-Veteran.html.

Maguen S, Cohen B, Ren L, et al. (2012). Gender differences in military sexual trauma and mental health diagnoses among Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. Retrieved from Womens Health Issues 22(1):e61–e66. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2011.07.010.

Marshall A, Panuzio J, Taft C. (2005). Intimate partner violence among military Veterans and active duty servicemen. Clinical Psychology Review 25(7):862–76. Retrieved September 9, 2015 from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0272735805000619.

Mental Health America (MHA). (2015). Bereavement and Grief: Information for Military Families and Communities. Retrieved September 7, 2015 from http://www.nmha.org/conditions/bereavement-and-grief-information-military-families-and-communities.

Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center, VA Desert Pacific Healthcare Network (MIRECC). (2011). What Is Major Depression? Retrieved September 8, 2015 from http://www.mirecc.va.gov/visn22/depression_education.pdf.

Military Suicide Research Consortium (MSRC). (2012). The Relationship Between Sexual Assault and Suicide. Retrieved August 19, 2015 from https://msrc.fsu.edu/sites/msrc.fsu.edu/files//Sexual_Assault_%26_Suicide.pdf.

Miggantz EL. (2014). Stigma of Mental Health Care in the Military. Retrieved 5/29/2017 from http://www.med.navy.mil/sites/nmcsd/nccosc/healthProfessionalsV2/reports/Documents/Stigma%20White%20Paper.pdf.

National Center for PTSD (DVA, NCPTSD). (2015). Effects of PTSD on Family. Retrieved 7/25/2015 from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/family/index.asp.

National Center for PTSD (NCPTSD). (2015a). Adult PTSD Self-Report Measures. Retrieved September 7, 2015 from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/assessment/adult-sr/index.asp.

National Center for PTSD (NCPTSD). (2015b). Intimate Partner Violence. Retrieved 9/7/2015 from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/types/violence/domestic-violence.asp.

National Center for PTSD (NCPTSD). (2015c). Relationships and PTSD. Retrieved 9/7/2015 from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/family/ptsd-and-relationships.asp.

National Center for PTSD (NCPTSD). (2014). PTSD 101: PTSD Overview. Retrieved 7/25/2015 from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/continuing_ed/ptsd_overview.asp.

National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN). (2015). Secondary Traumatic Stress. Retrieved September 8, 2015 from http://www.nctsn.org/resources/topics/secondary-traumatic-stress.

National Institutes of Mental Health (NIMH). (2015). Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Retrieved August 21,2015 from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd/index.shtml.

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). (2011). Depression. Retrieved 9/8/2015 from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression/depression-booklet_34625.pdf.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). (2015). Drinking Levels Defined. Retrieved September 9, 2015 from http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/moderate-binge-drinking.

Rossignol M. (2010, February). Recognizing posttraumatic stress disorder in military veterans. American Nurse Today 5(2). Retrieved 6/2/2017 from https://www.americannursetoday.com/recognizing-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-military-Veterans/.

Seehusen DA. (2010). Screening for Veteran status in the primary care setting. J Am Board Fam Med 23:697-699.

Smith L. (2015). “Have You Ever Served?” A Simple Question with Reaching Impact. Retrieved August 18, 2015 from http://www.dcmilitary.com/article/20150123/NEWS09/150129850/-x2018-have-you-ever-served-x2019-a-simple-question-with-far.

Street A, Stafford J. (2014). Military Sexual Trauma: Issues in Caring for Veterans. Iraq War Clinician Guide, Ch. 9. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/trauma/war/military-sexual-trauma.asp.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2017). SBIRT: Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment. Retrieved 6/9/2017 from http://www.integration.samhsa.gov/clinical-practice/sbirt.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2015). Mental Disorders. Depressive Disorders. Retrieved 9/8/2015 from http://www.samhsa.gov/disorders/mental#depressive.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2014). The NSDUH Report: Substance Use and Mental Health Estimates from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Overview of Findings. Rockville, MD. Retrieved 8/30/2015 from http://archive.samhsa.gov/data/2k14/nsduh200/sr200-findings-overview-2014.pdf.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2012). In Brief. Behavioral health Issues Among Afghanistan and Iraq U.S. War Veterans. Retrieved 7/28/2015 from http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content/SMA12-4670/SMA12-4670.pdf.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Health Integrated Solutions (SAMHSA/HSRA) (n.d.) SBIRT: Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment—Opportunities for Implementation and Points for Consideration. Retrieved 6/9/2017 from http://www.integration.samhsa.gov/SBIRT_Issue_Brief.pdf.

Sullivan C. (2013). Have You Ever Served in the Military? Conference of National Association of State Directors of Veterans Affairs (NASDVA). September 6. Retrieved from http://www.aannet.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=557:have-you-ever-served-announced&catid=23:news&Itemid=133.

Veterans Administration Mental Health (VAMH). (2015). Screening for Military Service. Retrieved September 12, 2015 from http://www.mentalhealth.va.gov/communityproviders/screening.asp#sthash.94I3lhrC.dpbs.

Veterans Administration/Department of Defense (VA/DoD). (2013a.) Patients at Risk for Suicide. Pocket Guide. Retrieved 7/25/2015 from http://www.healthquality.va.gov/guidelines/MH/srb/VASuicidePreventionPocketGuideSpreads.pdf.

Veterans Administration/Department of Defense (VA/DoD). (2013b.) Clinical Practice Guideline for Assessment and Management of Patients at Risk for Suicide. Full Guide. Retrieved 7/25/2015 from http://www.healthquality.va.gov/guidelines/MH/srb/.

Veterans Health Administration (VHA). VA Benefits and Health Care Utilization Pocket Card. (2016). Updated 5/13/2016; Veteran Population as of 09/30/15. Retrieved 4/22/2017 from http://www.va.gov/vetdata/docs/pocketcards/fy2016q3.pdf.

Veterans Health Administration (VHA). (2015). Guide to VA Mental Health Services for Veterans and Families. July 2012. Retrieved 4/22/2017 from https://www.mentalhealth.va.gov/docs/guide_to_va_mental_health_srvcs_final12-20-10.pdf.

Veterans Health Administration (VHA). (2012, July). Guide to VA Mental Health Services for Veterans and Families. Retrieved 4/22/2017 from https://www.mentalhealth.va.gov/docs/guide_to_va_mental_health_srvcs_final12-20-10.pdf.

World Health Organization (WHO). (1982) Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) Screener for Alcohol. Retrieved 6/9/2017 from http://www.integration.samhsa.gov/AUDIT_screener_for_alcohol.pdf.

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