ATrain Education


Continuing Education for Health Professionals

Influenza 2018–2019

 This program has been pre-approved by the Commission for Case Manager Certification to provide continuing education credit to Certified Case Managers (CCMs).

JoAnn O'Toole, RN, BSN

JoAnn O’Toole, RN, BSN,is a registered nurse, writer, and researcher. While in college at San Jose State University and later at the University of Mexico in Mexico City, she carried a double major in Spanish and journalism and a minor in Latin.

She currently works in the Emergency Department at Kaiser Hospital in Redwood City, California, a certified stroke center and a sepsis center.

Lauren Robertson, BA, MPT

Lauren Robertson earned a BA in Biology from Mills College in Oakland, California, and a Master's degree in Physical Therapy from the University of California at San Francisco.

Lauren is the founder and co-owner of ATrain Education ( and she has written or co-written more than two hundred courses on a wide range of topics for her continuing education website. She is certified as a trainer on Alzheimer's disease and related dementias by the Florida Department of Elder Affairs.

Susan Walters Schmid, PhD

Susan Schmid earned BA degrees in History and European Studies from George Mason University, a Master's degree in Public History from Appalachian State University, and a PhD in History from Arizona State University.

In addition to her PhD she earned a Certificate in Scholarly Publishing from ASU. Susan has served as an editor for several scholarly presses. She worked as a desktop publishing specialist for Arizona State University and taught several courses for the History Department as well as "Introduction to Scholarly Publishing" and "Scholarly Editing" for the Scholarly Publishing Program.


  • Contact hours:
  • Pharmacotherapy hours: 2
  • Expiration date: November 1, 2019
  • Course price: $15

Course Summary

2018 is the 100th anniversary of one of the largest and most devastating flu pandemics in modern history in which more people died than in all of World War I. We offer this course as an annual review of the current and historical impact of influenza, seasonal and pandemic. It includes epidemiology, virus types and subtypes, how influenza viruses drift and shift, then review the impact the 1918–1919 influenza pandemic. We also discuss the goal of universal vaccination, diagnosis, and treatment, and the composition of the 2018–2019 influenza vaccines.

ATrain Education, Inc. is an approved provider by the American Occupational Therapy Association. The following course information applies to occupational therapy professionals:

  • Target Audience: Occupational Therapists, OTAs
  • Instructional Level: Intermediate
  • Content Focus: Content Focus: • Category 1—Domain of OT, Client Factors • Category 2—Occupational Therapy Process, Outcomes

Criteria for Successful Completion

80% or higher on the post test, a completed evaluation form, and payment where required. No partial credit will be awarded.

Conflict of Interest/Commercial Support

Conflict of Interest/Commercial Support

The planners and authors of this learning activity have declared no conflicts of interest, vested interest, or financial relationship that may influence the content of this activity. All information is provided fairly and without bias.

ATrain Education, Inc. received no outside financial or commercial support in the preparation, presentation or implementation of this learning activity and has no affiliation with any company whose products or services are mentioned in this activity.

Accreditation Information

Objectives: When you finish this course you will be able to:

  • Describe the annual global incidence of seasonal flu worldwide.
  • State 2 characteristics each of influenza A, B, and C.
  • Define antigenic drift and antigenic shift.
  • Describe 3 characteristics of pandemic influenza.
  • Identify the 5 “classic” clinical features of seasonal influenza.
  • State the vaccination rate goal for healthcare providers under Healthy People 2020.
  • Describe 3 reasons why healthcare providers refuse or fail to receive a seasonal influenza vaccination.
  • Summarize the purpose of antiviral medications in the treatment of flu.
  • State the 5 key influenza prevention strategies that should be practiced in all long-term care settings.
  • Describe the 4 types of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine that are approved for the 2018–2019 season.
  • Explain the makeup of the 2018–2019 influenza vaccine.

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