ATrain Education

Continuing Education for Health Professionals


Oregon: Pain and Its Management

This course meets the requirement for a 6-unit course in pain and pain management mandated by Oregon’s Senate Bill 885.

Nancy Evans, BS

Nancy Evans earned a BS degree from Washington
University in St. Louis. She is a former senior
editor for Mosby/Times Mirror, Addision-Wesley
Nursing Division, and Appleton & Lange. 

Elizabeth Macera, RN, ANP-C, GNP-BC, PhD

Elizabeth Macera earned a PhD in Geriatric
Nursing at the University of California, San
Francisco, and then joined UCSF as assistant
clinical professor in their Gerontological
Advanced Practice Nursing Program.

JoAnn O'Toole, RN, BSN

JoAnn O’Toole, RN, BSN is registered nurse, writer, and researcher. She currently
works in the Emergency Department at Kaiser Hospital in Redwood City,
California, a certified stroke center and a sepsis center. While in college at San
Jose State University and later at the University of Mexico in Mexico City, she
carried a double major in Spanish and journalism and a minor in Latin.

Lauren Robertson, BA, MPT

Lauren Robertson earned a BA in Biology from Mills College in Oakland, California
and a Master's degree in Physical Therapy from the University of California at San
Francisco. She has written or co-written more than 200 continuing education
courses for her continuing education website, She certified as
an Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias trainer by the Florida Department
of Elder Affairs.

  • Contact hours: 6
  • Pharmacotherapy hours: 3
  • Expiration date: August 1, 2014
  • Course price: $45

Course Summary

Outlines efforts of the Oregon Pain Management Commission to improve pain management in the state of Oregon. Strategies include both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment of pain. Covers ethical and legal issues as well as those of special populations and offers effective tools for assessing and documenting pain.

ATrain Education, Inc. is an approved provider by the American Occupational Therapy Association. The following course information applies to occupational therapy professionals:

  • Target Audience: Occupational Therapists, OTAs
  • Instructional Level: Intermediate
  • Content Focus: Category 1—Domain of OT, Client Factors; Category 2—Occupational Therapy Process, Outcomes

Criteria for Successful Completion

80% or higher on the post test, a completed evaluation form, and payment where required. No partial credit will be awarded.

Conflict of Interest/Commercial Support

Conflict of Interest/Commercial Support

The planners and authors of this learning activity have declared no conflicts of interest, vested interest, or financial relationship that may influence the content of this activity. All information is provided fairly and without bias.

ATrain Education, Inc. received no outside financial or commercial support in the preparation, presentation or implementation of this learning activity and has no affiliation with any company whose products or services are mentioned in this activity.

Accreditation Information

Objectives: When you finish this course you will be able to:

  • Discuss the experience and treatment of pain in terms of the Central Principle of Balance and current issues in pain treatment policy.
  • Spell out the Joint Commission regulations and the efforts of the Oregon Pain Management Commission to improve pain management practices.
  • Distinguish among acute pain, chronic pain, and chronic pain syndrome.
  • Explain the physiology of pain and trace its pathways in the nervous system.
  • Describe common sources of pain, including low back pain, post surgical pain, cancer pain, and arthritis.
  • Outline effective tools for the assessment and documentation of pain.
  • Identify the main principles of analgesic pain management.
  • Explain the role of opioids in pain management and address the reluctance of healthcare professionals to prescribe them in light of their history of abuse.
  • Describe psychosocial aspects of pain management including the role of the caregiver.
  • Summarize pain management in special populations, including children, adolescents, older adults, and those at the end of life.
  • List common cognitive and physical modalities used in the nondrug treatment of pain.