ATrain Education


Continuing Education for Health Professionals

Pain: Healthcare’s Persistent Challenge for OTs

For professions other than OT, please click here for your course.

Lauren Robertson, BA, MPT

Lauren Robertson earned a BA in Biology from Mills College in Oakland, California, and a Master's degree in Physical Therapy from the University of California at San Francisco.

Lauren is the founder and co-owner of ATrain Education ( and she has written or co-written more than two hundred courses on a wide range of topics for her continuing education website. She is certified as a trainer on Alzheimer's disease and related dementias by the Florida Department of Elder Affairs.

  • Contact hours:
  • Pharmacotherapy hours: 0
  • Expiration date: December 1, 2019
  • Course price: $59

Course Summary

Outlines efforts to improve pain management policies, procedures, and healthcare professional education in the United States. Covers both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment of pain and discusses the reasons for the startling increase in use, misuse, and abuse of prescription opioids. Describes pain management in special populations and offers effective tools for assessing and documenting pain. Describes common rehabilitation therapy treatments for pain, including manual therapy, therapeutic exercise, and ultrasound, among others as well as their effectiveness. Describes common complementary and alternative pain management techniques, including mediation, acupuncture, and yoga, among others. Describes barriers to effective pain management policies and procedures in healthcare organizations.

ATrain Education, Inc. is an approved provider by the American Occupational Therapy Association. The following course information applies to occupational therapy professionals:

  • Target Audience: Occupational Therapists, OTAs
  • Instructional Level: Intermediate
  • Content Focus: Content Focus: Category 1—Domain of OT, Client Factors; Category 2—Occupational Therapy Process, Outcomes

Criteria for Successful Completion

80% or higher on the post test, a completed evaluation form, and payment where required. No partial credit will be awarded.

Conflict of Interest/Commercial Support

Conflict of Interest/Commercial Support

The planners and authors of this learning activity have declared no conflicts of interest, vested interest, or financial relationship that may influence the content of this activity. All information is provided fairly and without bias.

ATrain Education, Inc. received no outside financial or commercial support in the preparation, presentation or implementation of this learning activity and has no affiliation with any company whose products or services are mentioned in this activity.

Accreditation Information

Objectives: When you finish this course you will be able to:

  • Explain when morphine and heroin were first developed.
  • Name three patient populations that experience undertreatment of pain.
  • Define government’s two major responsibilities under the Central Principle of Balance.
  • Discuss the purpose of a prescription drug monitoring program.
  • Explain three physiologic effects of unrelieved pain.
  • Define acute pain, chronic pain, and complex regional pain syndrome.
  • Compare and contrast two overall approaches to pain management.
  • List five common pain conditions.
  • Explain one over-reaching issue encountered in the treatment of pain in special populations.
  • State three practices that all healthcare professionals are encouraged to use in the assessment of pain.
  • Explain how depression and anxiety are related to chronic pain.
  • Identify three commonly used pharmacologic components of non-opioid analgesic pain management.
  • Define prescription drug abuse, tolerance, dependence, and addiction.
  • List three patient populations that have experienced large increases in prescription opioid overdose deaths in recent years.
  • Summarize three approaches to curbing prescription opioid abuse.
  • Identify three non-pharmacologic treatments that have been shown to be effective in the treatment of pain.
  • Describe three complementary or integrative approaches that have been shown to be effective in the treatment of pain.
  • Discuss three barriers to the effective management of pain in the healthcare system.

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