COVID-19: How, What, When, and WherePage 2 of 14


image of apoptotic cell (green) heavily infected with SARS-COV-2 virus particles (purple)

National Institutes of Health

     Lauren Robertson, BA, MPT
     JoAnn O’Toole, RN, BSN
     Nancy Evans, BS

Contact hours: 10
AOTA CEUs: 1.0
Expiration date: September 1, 2024
Course price: $29

Please see our COVID-19 Blog for late-breaking articles and information about the COVID-19 pandemic.

Please see our other COVID-19 courses:

Course Summary

All of us get regular updates on the coronavirus, and sometimes they contradict each other. ATrain Education has taken a long view of SARS-CoV-2 to bring you the best available comprehensive information. This includes the origin of the virus; understanding the chain of infection; an explanation of R Naught (R0, the basic reproduction number); the reason the USA can’t look forward to herd immunity; the status of testing and vaccines; the reasons for public health directives; the history of coronaviruses; and the dire impacts of the virus on minority populations.

Target Audience

Nurses, nurse practitioners, advanced practice nurses, physical therapists, physical therapy assistants, occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants*.

*If you are an OT or OTA, you may need the following information for relicensure:

AOTA Approved Provider Logo 2023ATrain Education is an AOTA Approved Provider of professional development. Approved provider #6558. This distance learning-independent is offered at 1.0 CEUs, introductory, Foundational Knowledge. The assignment of AOTA CEUs does not imply endorsement of specific course content, products, or clinical procedures by AOTA.

Criteria for Successful Completion

Study the course material, achieve a score of 80% or higher on the post test (the post test can be repeated if a learner scores less than 80%), complete the course evaluation, and pay where required. No partial credit will be awarded. If you have special needs, please email us at or call 707 459-3475 (9-5 Pacific time).


To find specific accreditations or approvals, click here.

Conflict of Interest/Commercial Support Disclosure

The planners and authors of this learning activity have declared no conflicts of interest, vested interest, or financial relationship that may influence the content of this activity. All information is provided fairly and without bias.

ATrain Education, Inc. received no outside financial or commercial support in the preparation, presentation or implementation of this learning activity and has no affiliation with any company whose products or services are mentioned in this activity.

Course Objectives

When you finish this course you will be able to*:

  1. Recite the 4 different types of human coronaviruses.
  2. State the 6 components of the chain of infection.
  3. Define R naught, the basic reproductive number.
  4. Explain 3 reasons why herd immunity does not work during a pandemic.
  5. Describe 3 differences between a viral test and an antibody test.
  6. Describe the difference between a live-attenuated vaccine and an inactivated vaccine.
  7. Remember 4 of the most effective public health measures used during a pandemic.
  8. Recite 5 public health measures successfully used during a pandemic.
  9. State 5 ways in which COVID-19 has adversely affected poor and minority communities.

*Please note: attainment of course objectives will be assessed in the course evaluation and in a post-activity quiz.